The scarce or total absence of water supplies, augmented also by population increase and agricultural development despite climatic difficulties, make the 6 GCC countries one of the world's highest water consumption areas. There are many challenges to be faced regarding the need for economic development and the depletion of water resources. Desalination remains the first and more reliable option despite its high costs rather than its import from Turkey or Iran, too vulnerable to interruptions. This new policy must be inserted into a wider political agenda, the international experts pointed out during the two day talks.
"The main challenges aren't technical", said Peter Rogers, professor of Environmental engineering at Harvard University, "they have more to do with institutional and financial capacity".
Water quantity and manner of use need to take into account urban, agricultural, health and energetic necessity, and organize it all into a national policy able to sustain development, said the professor to his other colleagues.
As the Secretary General of the GCC, Abdul Latif Al Zayani, admitted himself, there is the lack and necessity of an integrated policy between the GCC states which keeps acceptable levels of security for the approximately 40 million inhabitants in the region. (ANSAmed).